2017 Bond/Mill Levy Information

Welcome to the 2017 Bond Measure/Mill Levy Override Information Page!

District 51 School Board members voted unanimously Tuesday, June 20, 2017, to pursue a bond measure and mill levy override in the Nov. 7, 2017, Coordinated Election.

If approved, the bond measure would allow the district to issue $118.5 million in bonds that would be paid off through property taxes collected specifically for the following purposes:

$55 million for Priority 1 maintenance projects across D51 schools
(Click here to see what's on the list at your school)
$40 million to replace Orchard Mesa Middle School
$11 million for technology upgrades
$5 million to build a gym at Dual Immersion Academy
$5 million for a Palisade High School auxiliary gym
$2.5 million to add security features at schools across the district


The mill levy override question will ask voters to raise $6.5 million annually (for 10 years) in property tax revenue within District 51 boundaries specifically for the following purposes:

•$3.2 million to add 5 additional student contact days in the school calendar. Currently, D51 elementary students have school 167 days per year, and middle and high school students go to school 168 and 171 days per year, respectively.
•$2 million for instructional materials and educator training 
•$1 million for ongoing maintenance beyond Priority 1 projects
•$300,000 for technology support

How much will the bond and override measures cost me if they pass?
The median home in Mesa County, $200,000, would pay $9.89 per month if both the mill levy override and bond measure pass ($5.17 per month for the override plus $4.72 per month for the bond measure).

Businesses pay a larger share of property tax in Colorado, due to the Gallagher Amendment. Businesses would pay $18.01 per month for every $100,000 of their commercial property value for the bond and override combined ($9.42 for the mill levy override plus $8.59 for the bond measure).

How did the D51 School Board make these lists?

The board discussed these items with community members and met with staff at every D51 school twice in 2016-17 to generate the list above. Items were picked based on the positive impact they will have on students by equipping them with better learning tools and safer, more functional, better-quality learning environments. There is also an urgency to obtaining these items, but funding is not currently available for them. Districts may be able to move thousands in a budget, but not millions, which is what most of these items require.

The Priority 1 Maintenance items come from a 2016 Master Plan Update performed by architects at Blythe Group + Co. The $55 million estimate for these projects, which would impact almost every D51 school, came from a professional cost estimator working with Blythe and are based on the median price for similar projects in our region. The projected costs of these projects are based on the assumption the projects would take place in 2018.

What is the difference between a bond measure and a mill levy override?

Bond measures can only be used for construction, infrastructure, and maintenance projects specified for voters in a ballot question. A mill levy override can be used for broader purposes, but still only those listed in the ballot question.

Bond = Capital
Mill = Operations

 Both collect property tax revenue that stays in Mesa County, rather than going to the state to be thrown into the School Funding Formula for all districts.

How can districts use bond/mill override money?

Only for the exact purposes listed in the ballot question. The one exception would be when there is money left over, as was the case with the 2004 ballot measure (the most recent to pass in D51). In that case, the district used remaining bond measure dollars to build Chipeta Elementary.

When did voters last approve a bond measure or mill levy override in District 51?

The Class of 2017 was in kindergarten the last time voters approved a bond measure and mill levy override in the district. The bond measure of 2004 allowed the district to issue $109 million in bonds to build three new schools (Fruita 8/9 School, Pear Park Elementary, and Rim Rock Elementary), replace two existing schools (Bookcliff Middle School and the Career Center), renovate and expand 37 schools, and acquire property for future building sites. A fourth school – Chipeta Elementary – was built with savings from the other projects. The mill levy override of 2004 generates up to $4 million per year to fund staffing and operations at the three new schools.

How does the district spend its money now?

More than two-thirds of the General Fund goes straight to student instruction and support, and the rest goes into keeping schools operational with everything from technology to custodial services. Budgets and other financial information are posted in the Financial Transparency section on the district's home page at d51schools.org. The district has been awarded the GFOA Certificate of Achievement for Excellence in Financial Reporting for 17 straight years.

What has the district done to be more efficient?

The district has chopped more than $40 million and shed more than 175 jobs (net) from its budget since 2009 due to state funding cuts and increased needs in our population. 

The district has reduced annual utility costs by about a third over the last decade through multiple energy and resource efficiency projects. D51 also reduced fuel costs by switching to propane-powered buses, reduced all employee contracts by five days, and trimmed all school and department budgets. In addition, District 51 has six fewer central leaders than the district right above it in enrollment size, Academy 20, and the same amount (23) as the district right below it in enrollment, Greeley 6.

How is District 51 funded?
Like all other Colorado school districts, District 51 receives most of its funding through the funding formula included in the School Finance Act. The formula takes a mixture of state taxes, mixes it with local property tax and vehicle registration tax revenue, and churns out a dollar amount for each district to receive per student based on enrollment, local cost of living, number of at-risk students, and other factors.

While very small and very large districts tend to get more funding, the state considers District 51 just the right size to get some of the lowest funding in the state. In 2017-18, the state funding formula has decided District 51 will receive $7,278.91 per student – nearly $400 below the state average and more than $2,000 below the U.S. average.

Without the Negative Factor, District 51 would rightfully receive $8,187.62 per student. The state created the Negative Factor during the recession to keep its budget solvent. The Negative Factor siphons off a portion of the funding determined by the School Finance Act funding formula and sends that money to other parts of the state budget. District 51 alone has lost nearly $150 million to the Negative Factor since 2010 – almost an entire year's budget – and will be cut another $20 million this coming year.

Can schools just collect more property tax if property values increase?

No – an increase in the assessed value of a home or business does not change how much funding a school district receives. If a district collects more or less property tax revenue, it only means the state will have to contribute less or more money to provide a district with the amount the state has already decided a district will get through the state funding formula for school districts.

Can school districts raise sales taxes instead?

No. The state funding that school districts receive includes a mix of state sales tax, cigarettes tax, and other state tax revenue, but school districts can only seek tax increases for property tax.

Aren't marijuana taxes helping schools?
Not here. Schools can receive marijuana tax funding through grants for just three things:
•School construction
•School behavioral health, or
•Drug resistance education programs
The district has applied for but never received B.E.S.T. (Building Excellent Schools Today) construction grants that get the first $40 million from recreational marijuana excise tax collections. Whether a county has recreational marijuana sales or not has no bearing on who receives a B.E.S.T. grant. The district applied this year for a B.E.S.T. grant to rebuild Orchard Mesa Middle School, but was denied. The grant would have required local matching funds. 

What do the actual ballot measures say?
Mill Levy Override
SHALL MESA COUNTY VALLEY SCHOOL DISTRICT NO. 51 TAXES BE INCREASED $6.5 MILLION ANNUALLY (THE MAXIMUM AMOUNT WHICH MAY BE COLLECTED IN ANY FISCAL YEAR), BEGINNING IN 2017 FOR COLLECTION OF TAXES COMMENCING ON JANUARY 1, 2018, AND ANNUALLY THEREAFTER THROUGH AND INCLUDING DECEMBER 31, 2027, BY AN ADDITIONAL PROPERTY TAX MILL LEVY IN EXCESS OF THE LEVY AUTHORIZED FOR THE DISTRICT’S GENERAL FUND, WITHOUT LIMITATION AS TO RATE, PURSUANT TO AND IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 22-54-108, C.R.S., SUCH ADDITIONAL REVENUES TO BE DEPOSITED IN THE GENERAL FUND AND USED FOR THE FOLLOWING EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES:
• ADDING FIVE MORE INSTRUCTIONAL DAYS TO THE SCHOOL CALENDAR;
• ACQUIRING STUDENT INSTRUCTIONAL RESOURCES AND IMPLEMENTING STAFF TRAINING;
• PROVIDING UP-TO-DATE TECHNOLOGY RESOURCES; AND
• PROVIDING ONGOING MAINTENANCE OF AND IMPROVEMENTS TO DISTRICT FACILITIES AND GROUNDS;
AND SHALL THE DISTRICT BE AUTHORIZED TO COLLECT, RETAIN AND SPEND ALL REVENUES FROM SUCH TAXES AND THE EARNINGS FROM THE INVESTMENT OF SUCH REVENUES AS A VOTER APPROVED REVENUE CHANGE AND AN EXCEPTION TO THE LIMITS WHICH WOULD OTHERWISE APPLY UNDER ARTICLE X, SECTION 20 OF THE COLORADO CONSTITUTION?
Bond Measure
SHALL MESA COUNTY VALLEY SCHOOL DISTRICT NO. 51 DEBT BE INCREASED $118.5 MILLION WITH A REPAYMENT COST OF UP TO $219 MILLION, AND SHALL DISTRICT TAXES BE INCREASED UP TO $13.5 MILLION ANNUALLY TO PAY SUCH DEBT, WITH THE PROCEEDS TO BE USED FOR THE PURPOSE OF PROVIDING CAPITAL ASSETS FOR DISTRICT PURPOSES, WHICH MAY INCLUDE BUT ARE NOT LIMITED TO:
• REPLACING ORCHARD MESA MIDDLE SCHOOL (CONSTRUCTED IN 1960) WITH A NEW FACILITY ON THE SAME SITE;
• REPAIRING, RENOVATING, OR MAKING ADDITIONS TO SCHOOL BUILDINGS, INCLUDING UPGRADES TO HEAT AND AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEMS AND PLUMBING TO PROVIDE FOR THE HEALTH AND SAFETY OF STUDENTS AND TEACHERS;
• ACQUIRING, PURCHASING, EQUIPPING OR FURNISHING SCHOOL BUILDINGS, INCLUDING SCHOOL SAFETY AND SECURITY EQUIPMENT, TECHNOLOGY AND INTERNET OR NETWORK EQUIPMENT; AND
• ADDING GYMNASIUMS TO DUAL IMMERSION ACADEMY ELEMENTARY SCHOOL AND PALISADE HIGH SCHOOL;
AND SHALL THE MILL LEVY BE INCREASED IN ANY YEAR WITHOUT LIMITATION AS TO RATE BUT ONLY IN AN AMOUNT SUFFICIENT TO PAY THE PRINCIPAL OF, PREMIUM, IF ANY, AND INTEREST ON SUCH DEBT OR ANY REFUNDING DEBT (OR TO CREATE A RESERVE FOR SUCH PAYMENT); PROVIDED THAT SUCH TAX INCREASE SHALL NOT PRODUCE REVENUE THAT WILL EXCEED THE MAXIMUM ANNUAL AMOUNT STATED ABOVE; SUCH DEBT TO BE EVIDENCED BY THE ISSUANCE OF GENERAL OBLIGATION BONDS OR TO PROVIDE DISTRICT MATCHING MONEY FOR ANY GRANT AWARDED BY THE STATE UNDER THE BUILDING EXCELLENT SCHOOLS TODAY PROGRAM; SUCH DEBT TO BE SOLD IN ONE SERIES OR MORE, FOR A PRICE ABOVE OR BELOW THE PRINCIPAL AMOUNT OF SUCH SERIES, ON TERMS AND CONDITIONS AND WITH SUCH MATURITIES AS PERMITTED BY LAW, INCLUDING PROVISIONS FOR REDEMPTION OF THE BONDS PRIOR TO MATURITY WITH OR WITHOUT PAYMENT OF THE PREMIUM OF NOT TO EXCEED ONE PERCENT; AND SHALL SUCH TAX REVENUES AND THE EARNINGS FROM THE INVESTMENT OF SUCH BOND PROCEEDS AND TAX REVENUES BE COLLECTED, RETAINED AND SPENT AS A VOTER APPROVED REVENUE CHANGE UNDER ARTICLE X, SECTION 20 OF THE COLORADO CONSTITUTION OR ANY OTHER LAW?

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